The legal code dealing with crime and punishment


What is criminal law, and how does it work?

The criminal law sets forth the meanings of criminal offenses and the rules and processes that apply when the police investigate an alleged crime when you are charged by the prosecuting authorities, and when you must appear in court. If you admit to or are found guilty of committing the crime, the court will levy a penalty on you, such as fines, community orders

If you are under suspicion or accused of a crime, criminal law attorneys can assist you. Solicitors may defend you in court to assure that your legal rights are safeguarded and to present your case in order to ensure that you receive a fair hearing if the police claim that you have committed a criminal act.

Criminal offenses

The list of criminal offenses is quite long. They include crimes of violence such as murder and manslaughter, as well as sexual and non-sexual assaults. Dishonesty acts include fraud and theft, as well as offenses against property such as arson and vandalism. The crime of perjury, for example, involves swearing falsely in court or giving false evidence under oath

Criminal lawyers will use their skills and knowledge to ensure that you get the best possible outcome for your situation.

Road traffic infractions

Speeding, DUI (involving drinking and driving), and reckless or negligent driving are all examples of moving violations.

Many people’s first encounter with the police and courts is through traffic tickets. It is critical to locate a solicitor who has relevant expertise in dealing with traffic infractions so that you can be guided throughout the legal procedure.

For minor traffic infractions, you are most likely to receive a fine and/or points on your driving license. If you are convicted of serious road traffic offenses such as causing bodily harm or death by dangerous driving, losing your driver’s license, and so on, you may be sentenced to prison.

When should I contact a lawyer?

Contact a solicitor as soon as you are notified of an allegation against you. Whether you are innocent or guilty of a criminal or motor vehicle infraction, you will benefit from the assistance of a specialist criminal law lawyer as soon as possible after being considered or accused of a crime.

Even before you talk to the cops or go to a police station, you should contact a lawyer (if possible), so they can advise you on what to anticipate and your rights.

For advice and help on criminal law see imslaw.co.uk

Why should I get a solicitor to come to the police station?

Being suspected of a crime and being questioned by the police, whether at a station or at home, maybe an intimidating and strange experience. As soon as possible, seek legal counsel to ensure that you are properly represented.

A solicitor is a legal counselor who helps you defend your interests and ensure that your rights are protected. Although solicitors are not affiliated with the police, they will always advise you on what is best for you and your case.

While you are being detained or interviewed by the police as a suspect, you have the right to have a solicitor free of charge.

You can contact your own solicitor or, if you don’t have one and they are unavailable, seek a duty solicitor who is accessible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

It makes no difference how much money you have since this service is not means-tested, and it’s provided without cost to everyone.

What is the definition of legal aid?

If you are arrested for a criminal offense, you might be eligible for legal aid. If you qualify for legal aid, this indicates that the Legal Aid Agency will pay your attorney at least some of your legal costs. It is means-tested, and so your income and assets will play a role in determining if you qualify. Legal aid is also determined by the sort of crime you are accused of, as well as the court where you need to appear. You may be required to pay a fee known as a contribution toward legal costs to the Legal Aid Agency.

Criminal attorneys can assist you in applying for legal aid.

If you do not qualify for legal aid, you may wish to hire a solicitor on a self-financing basis.

Magistrates’ courts are the county courts.

If you are arrested, you will be required to appear in court. This is where minor criminal damage and speeding offenses, for example, are tried. There is no jury at a magistrates’ court.

If your case is more complicated or severe, or if you have requested a trial by jury, it will be transferred to a crown court.

Crown courts are courts of common law.

The Crown Court is a higher-level court that deals with more serious matters. If you enter a not guilty plea, your case will be heard in front of a judge and jury of 12 people who must determine whether you are guilty or innocent after hearing all the evidence.

Why should I have a lawyer in court?

A criminal defense lawyer will explain to you the allegations made by the prosecution against you and your choices for pleading guilty or not guilty. They’ll inform you about the potential penalty if you’re found guilty, whether that’s a fine, jail time, or both.

If you are not guilty, your attorney will assist you in comprehending the legal processes and assisting you in preparing your argument so that you can have a fair trial. They’ll be there to help you understand the police and prosecution’s evidence against you and gather evidence in support of your case.

Solicitors may aid you by attempting to contact witnesses or requesting expert reports to dispute the evidence against you. They could in some circumstances advocate for you by suggesting that you hire a barrister or solicitor advocate to represent your case in court.

If you are found guilty, your attorney may assist you by gathering and submitting material to the court pointing out any mitigating circumstances and justifications in order to persuade the court to reduce any sentence of imprisonment or fine.

Where do I go if I’m looking for a criminal lawyer?

Visit the Law Society’s Find a Solicitor website and use the fast search option “Crime” to discover a criminal lawyer near you.

By selecting a firm that is a member of the Criminal Litigation Scheme, you can be sure that your solicitor will adhere to high criminal law standards set by the Law Society.

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